Ультрас-новости Ultras-Tifo 8 лет

Tifo nedir? Tifo hastalığının nedenleri, belirtileri ve tedavisi

Mikrobik bir hastalık olan Tifo hakkında merak ettiğiniz her şeyi haberimizde bulabilirsiniz. Tifo nedir? Tifo hastalığının nedenleri, belirtileri ve tedavisi..

Daha çok yaz ve sonbahar aylarında görülen tifo, sıradan bir hastalık gibi görünse de kalbi, beyni, akciğer ve karaciğeri, göz ve kulak sinirlerini ciddi şekilde etkileyerek kötü sonuçlara yol açabilir. Peki tifo hastalığı nedir? Tifo hastalığının nedenleri, belirtileri ve tedavisi hakkında tüm detaylar haberimizde…

TİFO HASTALIĞI NEDİR?

Bakteriyel bir hastalık olan tifo, sağlıksız, kirli içme sularından ve yeterli hijyen koşullarında hazırlanmayan gıdalardan bulaşır. Salmonella typhi adındaki bir bakteri aracılığıyla oluşan hastalık bulaşıcıdır. Yüksek ateşle birlikte karın ağrısına, baş ağrısına ve iştah kaybına neden olabilir. Tifo, erken teşhis ve tedavi ile çoğu insanda tam iyileşme sağlar. Ancak tedavi edilmeyen tifo hayatı tehdit eden komplikasyonlara yol açabilir. Tifo insandan insana bulaşabilen bir hastalıktır.

TİFO HASTALIĞININ BELİRTİLERİ

Belirtiler enfeksiyondan bir ya da iki hafta sonra ortaya çıkabilir. Bu belirtilerin bazıları şunlardır:

– Yüksek ateş
– Zayıflık
– Karın ağrısı
– Baş ağrısı
– İştahsızlık
– İsilik
– Yorgunluk
– Kabızlık, ishal

Ciddi komplikasyonlar nadirdir, ancak bağırsakta intestinal kanama veya perforasyonlar içerebilir. Bu yaşamı tehdit eden bir kan dolaşımı enfeksiyonuna yol açabilir (sepsis). Semptomlar bulantı, kusma ve şiddetli karın ağrısını içerir.

– Zatürree
– Böbrek veya mesane enfeksiyonu
– Pankreatit
– Kâlp kası iltihabı
– Endokardit
– Menenjit
– Deliryum, halüsinasyonlar, paranoyak psikoz

Eğer bu belirtilerden herhangi birine sahipseniz mutlaka doktorunuza bilgi verin.

TİFONUN NEDENLERİ VE RİSK FAKTÖRLERİ

Tifo, Salmonella typhi (S. typhi) denilen bakterilerden kaynaklanır. Gıda kaynaklı hastalığa neden olan Salmonella bakterisi ile aynı değildir. Ana bulaşma yöntemi, genellikle temiz olmayan içme suları veya hijyenik ortamlarda üretilmemiş besinlerdir. Ayrıca enfeksiyon bulaşmış bir kişi ile doğrudan temas yoluyla da geçebilir.

Ek olarak, iyileşen ancak hala S. typhi taşıyan insanlar hastalığı başkalarına bulaştırabilirler. Bazı bölgelerde tifonun görülme sıklığı daha yüksektir. Bunlar Afrika, Hindistan, Güney Amerika ve Güneydoğu Asya’dır. Dünya çapında tifoid ateş yılda 26 milyondan fazla kişiyi etkilemektedir.

TİFODAN KORUNMAK İÇİN YAPILMASI GEREKENLER

Tifodan korunmak için içme suyunu güvenilir hazır sulardan tercih etmek önemlidir. Hazır, güvenilir olmayan gıdalar tüketmek yerine doğal beslenmeye öncelik verilmelidir. Tüketilen sebze, meyveler iyice yıkanmalı, kişisel hijyene daha fazla önem verilmelidir. Açıkta satılan süt, peynir gibi ürünler potansiyel tifo bakterisi taşırlar. Tifoya karşı özellikle sık seyahat eden kişilerin dikkatli olması gerekmektedir.

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TİFO NASIL TEDAVİ EDİLİR?

Yapılacak bir kan testi Salmonella typhi bakterisinin varlığını doğrulayabilir. Typhoid, azitromisin, seftriakson ve florokinolonlar gibi antibiyotiklerle tedavi edilir. Antibiyotik tedavis ile birlikte hastanın bol miktarda su tüketmesi de çok önemlidir.

Daha iyi hissetseniz bile, reçete edilen tüm antibiyotikleri önerildiği şekilde almak önemlidir. Hala S. typhi taşıyorsanız dışkı kültürü de hastalığı belirleyebilir.

Ayrıca, tifo aşısı kesin koruyucu olmamakla birlikte %50-65 oranında koruyuculuk sağlar. Bu nedenle tifo aşısı yaptırmak gereklidir.

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What is a football tifo? FIFA 20, stadium displays & best fan examples

Football managers and players often make impassioned pleas to supporters to get behind their teams on occasions where it is felt that the notional power of the ’12th man’ is needed to get the job done.

While only those who are actually on the pitch have the power to directly affect the proceedings of a game, players certainly can feed off the energy of a crowd and visiting teams can even wilt under the pressure.

Stadiums are often described as «cauldrons» when fans turn up the volume and the heat by roaring their favourite players on to glory, as well as creating elaborate artistic displays.

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Goal takes a look at one of the most popular methods of showing support for a team — tifo culture.

Contents

  1. What is a tifo?
  2. What does tifo mean?
  3. Best tifo stadium displays
  4. Tifos in FIFA 20

What is a tifo?

Tifo is the word used to describe a colourful, vibrant and usually choreographed visual display by football supporters. It is also a phenomenon in other sports, such as cycling and auto racing.

Displays of a tifo normally occur within stadiums before and during games but can also take place outside a ground.

In many cases the visual displays are carefully planned and often each individual supporter forms part of a mosaic by wearing or holding a particular colour.

What does tifo mean?

The word tifo is Italian and it actually refers to the typhus fever, which can cause an outbreak of delirium in those who suffer it.

Supporters who form a tifo are known as tifosi, which is the Italian word for ‘those infected with typhus’. Naturally, it is not to be taken literally.

The choice of word in Italian is deliberate as football supporters are often depicted as being in a delighted frenzy when their team scores a goal or wins.

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Best tifo stadium displays

As a phenomenon tifo displays are particularly common in Italy and the practice has spread across continental Europe.

Football fans in North America have also embraced tifo culture and they are a common sight at Major League Soccer matches.

Below are some examples of the best tifo displays in football.

AC Milan — San Siro

AC Milan have one of the most vibrant fan cultures in Serie A and they usually decorate San Siro in their striking rossoneri colours for games.

Their tifo displays commonly include reference to Il Diavolo (the Devil) who is something of a mascot for the club.

Barcelona — Camp Nou

Barcelona supporters regularly turn Camp Nou into a canvas, but particularly before big games, such as those Clasico showdowns or Champions League fixtures.

Political slogans have begun to appear more frequently in recent years as the Catalan fanbase voices its support of the Catalan independence movement.

Celtic — Celtic Park

Scottish football may not be scaling the heights it has in the past, but that has done little to dim the passions of its loyal followers and Celtic supporters regularly display their personalities through tifos.

Their Celtic Park displays have occasionally landed them in hot water with UEFA due to the overtly political slogans which have appeared, but that did not prevent them from being crowned ‘best fans in the world’ by FIFA in 2017.

Borussia Dortmund — Signal Iduna Park (Westfalenstadion)

The Yellow Wall in Borussia Dortmund’s Westfalenstadion has become a gallery of a wide variety of supporters’ tifos over the years.

Fans of the Bundesliga giants pride themselves on coming up with creative and memorable mosaics which tell a story or send a message.

Liverpool — Anfield

The Kop at Anfield is one of the most famous stands in any football ground in football and Liverpool fans use it to brighten up games at Merseyside.

Reds fans have created tifos over the years to celebrate their vast array of achievements and also to pay tribute to those who tragically lost their lives in the Hillsborough Disaster.

Tifos in FIFA 20

EA Sports have recognised the importance of tifo displays for supporters and they have become a prominent feature of FIFA 20’s visual authenticity.

As well as being a notable inclusion in a variety of stadiums in the game, FIFA 20 gamers are now able to get customised tifos in Ultimate Team mode.

Some of the aforementioned examples of the best grounds for tifos in world football will be visible in the game.

They include AC Milan and Inter’s home San Siro, Paris Saint-Germain’s Parc des Princes, Atletico Madrid’s Wanda Metropolitano and Atlanta United’s home the Mercedes-Benz Stadium.

You can see some examples of in-game tifos on FIFA 20 in the video above.

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